Manabik Shahajya Sangstha

Election Monitoring


Promoting good governance, democracy and human rights is one of the thematic areas of MSS. MSS has been working for promoting good governance, human rights and democracy in Bangladesh for long. MSS believes that democracy and development are intimately related; one cannot happen without the other. MSS promotes these issues in cooperation with the development partners, the concerned government authorities and the members of the civil society undertaking various programs.

Funded by The Asia Foundation and under the network of Election Working Group (EWG), MSS is working to supplement the efforts of Election Commission Bangladesh towards holding a free, fair and impartial election in the country implementing the project Strengthening Civic Engagement in Elections and Political Processes for Enhanced Transparency and Democratic Accountability.

 Objectives of the program:

  1. Contribute to ensure credibility in the parliamentary and local government elections
  2. Supplement the efforts of Bangladesh Election Commission towards holding a free, fair and impartial election.
  3. To observe if there is any violation of election code of conduct.

Moreover, to assist the election commission’s efforts, MSS also undertakes motivational campaign for updating electoral roll and voter registration process observation.

 Elections Program

  1. Long Term Observation(Upazilla Parishad, City Corporation and Parliamentary elections)
  2. Short Term Observation (Upazilla Parishad, City Corporation and Parliamentary elections)
  3. Observers’ Training
  4. Voter and Civic Education
  5. Motivational Campaign for Updating Electoral Roll
  6. Voter registration process observation
  7. Advocacy

Details of election activities:

 Observation of Gazipur City Corporation Election 2013 (held on July 6, 2013)


  1. Ensure credibility in the electoral process of Gazipur City Corporation
  2. Supplement the efforts of Bangladesh Election Commission towards holding a free, fair and impartial election.
  3. To observe if there is any violation of election code of conduct.

Geographic location: The program was implemented in Ward Nos. 50-55 (during pre and post election period) and 48-52 on Election Day.

Duration: The duration of the program was from May 18 through July 10, 2013.

Major activities:

  1. Selection of observers and training
  2. Pre and post election campaign observation
  3. Election day voting process observation and reporting

Selection of observers and training: Following the guideline of Election Commission Bangladesh and in line with EWG requirements, MSS selected 3 observers of which 2 were LTOs cum STOs and one was STO. To facilitate effective polls observation and pre and post election campaign observation, a half-day long training was organized for the observers.


Pre and post election campaign observation: This task was assigned to 2 LTOs in Ward Nos. 50-55 of Gazipur City Corporation to watch if there is any violation of election code of conduct (by any candidate). Accordingly, the LTOs were deployed and everyday they moved round the assigned Wards until July 7, 2013.


Following the Election Day on July 7, the post election observation was carried out by 2 LTOs in the assigned Wards 50-55.

Election observation: On Election Day, MSS deployed 3 observers to observe voting process in Ward Nos. 48-52. The 3-member team had a team leader. The observers monitored the voting process boarding a rented vehicle. They also observed opening and closing of polls and vote counting as well. The observers visited 12 polling centers.

10th Parliamentary Election Observation

Deployment of Long Term Observers: MSS deployed 10 Long Term Observers (LTOs) in 8 constituencies before the 10th parliamentary election. These are Dhaka-3, Dhaka-5, Narayanganj-4, Narayanganj-5, Gazipur-1, Naogaon-5, Thakurgaon-2 and Thakurgaon-3. One LTO was deployed in one constituency except Thakurgaon-2 and Thakurgaon-3 where 2 LTOs were deployed in each. The Activities under long term observations were delimitation, internal democracy of the political parties, pre-election campaign, pledges made by winning candidate and achievement.

Deployment of Short Term Observers: To monitor election day voting process, Manabik Shahajya Sangstha (MSS) deployed 458 Observers on election day (January 5, 2014) in Dhaka-6, Dhaka-18, Narayanganj-1 and Gazipur-4 Constituencies.

 Narayanganj-5 By Election Observation

Narayanganj-5 by election was observed on June 26, 2014. In total 25 observers were deployed to monitor the election on election day. Before the deployment, 25 observers were provided training to monitor election using a structured checklist.

4th Upazilla Parishad Election Observation

 Manabik Shahajya Sangstha also observed 4th Upazilla Parishad election held in 2014. These are Gazipur Sadar, Kaliakair, Kaliganj, Sreepur, Thakurgaon Sadar, Horipur, Ranisankail and Baliadangi Upazilla Parishad. These Upazilla Parishad elections were held in 6 phases from February to May 2014. A total of 225 observers were deployed on the election day to monitor elections.